Part One – Introduction:
Q. What is your hometown’s shape?
A. It is a sprawling city, Tehran, located near the mountain of Alborz and has over 10 million people. There are numerous historic attractions, recreational centres and vast highways in this city. In the map, my hometown looks like the ‘L’ of the English alphabet. To me, this is the shape of my heart and my root.
Q. Can you describe it for me?
A. Tehran is the capital of Iran and has been growing dramatically since last two decades. I have lived, studied and worked there, before moving to Canada. In this city, citizens are engaged in plenty of businesses and industries, and there are several educational centres admitting many students annually. This city has a unique tradition and it is quite distinctive.
Q. What is your hometown’s history?
A. It backs to just over 7000 years ago, and in 1800s decades a GHAJAR king selected Tehran as the capital of Iran, although throughout history the capital has changed many times by different governments. In the pre-Islamic era, a part of Tehran was occupied by Rey. Mongols destroyed in the early 13th century. It is the 32nd national capital of Iran.
Q. Do you prefer going out or staying at home? Why?
A. I am the person who is interested in spending my spare time with my family and friends. This method helps me to become less depressed and have happier lifestyle and mood.
Q. What will do if you go out?
A. In weekends, I am used to hanging out with my family members and spend on outdoor, sometimes we go to cinema or parks. In weekdays, I have to go to work and study. This is the usual thing I would be doing if I go out. Apart from that, sometimes I would like to hang out with my friends and visit naturally beautiful places in my hometown.
Part Two – Cue Card:
Talk about an equipment of your household (such as computer, television, refrigerator, mobile phone and so on).
You should say:
- what is it
- what you do with it
- will you always keep it
and explain why it is important for you.
[ You will have to talk about the topic for one to two minutes. You have one minute to think about what you’re going to say. You can make some notes to help you if you wish.]
Part Three – Discussion:
Q. Could you please explain with some examples about the changes of technology which are used by people in our daily life between now and the past 20 years?
A. Nowadays cell phones, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, TV, refrigerators, air conditioners, microwave oven etc. are pretty common in our daily life but 20 years ago those were rare. There were very few companies that used computers and the internet but this has become very common in workplaces nowadays.
One of the most obvious modifications is the usage of robots in industries. These intelligent mechanised devices have helped us to be able to manufacture products far simpler than before. For example, for producing a car, now engineers use them to assemble just over 90% of all parts of them, and humans’ role has become less obvious in this industry, while 20 years ago this technology was not so popular.
The Internet is the most common technology that we use every day. By accessing to it, we can communicate to other people through our computer, checking our email, downloading our favourite files or watching online movies; however, in the past, they were not invented, and people did not know anything about this method of connection.
Q. Whether the equipment you’ve ever mentioned in your examples is used in your home?
A. Yes, most of them. We have a large 3D TV, washing machine, vacuum cleaner, washing machine, laptop, internet connection and refrigerator at our home.
Q. How about other Iranian families?
A. Most of the upper-middle class and upper-class people in Iran have those types equipment at their home. Poor people can’t always afford to buy expensive devices like laptop, air conditioners etc. but the usages of those types equipment are spreading faster than ever before.
In developed countries, people have access to more modern systems and technology has developed faster there; however, globalisation has created our world a better place for all humans, including Iranians. These people have had important roles in the development of computer industries, and the computer has become part of their daily life.
Q. What development the technology will have in the future?
A. Definitely, progress in modernization will continue faster than being expected in many sectors. For instance, in transportation, flight cars might become a popular method of transport, and many families will use a car which can have wings for flying and traffic will be addressed in many cities. I read a similar article about these cars recently. Computers and the internet would become the most common tools among people and every company would greatly depend on that. Many new technological devices that we now see in science fiction movies would become common household devices.
Q. Do you think it is important?
A. Yes, it is. Absolutely, humans will have a more convenient lifestyle. On the one side, using more developed systems and devices will help people to have a more comfortable living condition, but they might pollute our environment more. The development and technology are the roots of progress and when our ancestors lived in caves, we are now landing on other planets. Who knows maybe we will build a colony on other planets in the future.
Q. How often do you access the internet?
A. I use it every day to learn the English Language. Listening to the news, reading articles, downloading study materials or checking my email are the most reasons I use my computer and the Internet in my daily life.
Q. Do you have a computer?
A. Yes, I do. As I explained in the last section, I have a personal laptop and I use it every day for studying and connection to the Internet.