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Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 77 – Percentage of food budget the average family spent on restaurant meals

The charts below show the percentage of food budget the average family spent on restaurant meals in different years. The graph shows the number of meals eaten in fast food restaurants and sit-down restaurants.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the graph below.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Percentage of food budget the average family spent on restaurant meals

Number of meals eaten in fast food and sit-down restaurants

Model Answer 1:
The illustration demonstrates how people’s tendency to have outside meals augmented between 1970 and 2000 and the ratio of food budget they spent on homemade food and restaurant meals. Generally speaking, people ate a higher number of outside meals over the time and their spending on that increased noticeably.

As can be seen, people spend one-tenth of their food budget to dine outside in 1970 and had around 40 meals outside the home of which 20 meals were taken from fast food shops. Next decade, their expenditure ratio on homemade food declined and they spend 5% more for enjoying meals from a restaurant. In 1980, they ate approximately 60 meals at a bistro of which roughly 35 were fast food meals. Over the time, their spending ratio on restaurant meals soared and in 2000, they had around 90 fast food meals and 50 sitdown restaurant meals. It is worth noticing that this tendency swelled their food budget for cafeteria meals as they spend half of their food funds to enjoy outside meals.

Sample Answer 2:   
The given illustration compares the amounts spent on restaurant foods and on home cooking foods in four different years and gives data on the number of meals eaten in two different restaurant types.

As is presented in the pie chart, initially in 1970, 90% of total food budget was spent on home-made foods while only 10% was spent on restaurant foods. The amount spent on restaurant meals increased to 15% in 1980 while it reached to 35% in 1990. Finally, in 200, an average family spent half of the total budget in restaurant meals and that shows a rapid increase in the people’s habit of having meals in restaurants.

In the line graph, we can observe that in 1970, the fast foods and sit-down restaurant meals were taken 20 thousand times each and over time these numbers kept increasing. Finally, in 2000, more than 90 thousand fast food meals were eaten while the sit-down restaurant meals were eaten 50 thousand times a year. This indicates the changes in people’s habit of eating out and the popularity of restaurant foods over the home-made foods.

In summary, over the 30 years’ time, people adopted the habit of eating out at restaurant and sit-down restaurant gained more popularity over the fast food shops.
(Approximately 209 words)

( This model answer can be followed as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)

Sample Answer 3:   
The bar graph illustrates the proportion of the money spent by an average family on having meals in a restaurant on four selected years whereas the line graph depicts how many meals they have eaten in two types of restaurant.

Overall, it is clear that there was an increasing trend in the money spent on having meals in restaurants throughout the years and fast food restaurant was favoured by people than in a restaurant.

First of all, the proportion of money spent on eating in restaurant increased from 1970 to 2000. In 1970, there was only 10% of their food budget spent on eating in restaurants whereas, in 2000, it rose to 50%. Turning to the preference of people of choosing restaurants, there was an equal number of people having meals in fast food restaurants and sit-down restaurants (about 20 meals per year) in 1970. An overall rising pattern can be seen for both the restaurants, however, the fast food restaurant went up slowly from the year 1970 to 1980 before it continued to rise steadily and reached its peak in 2000 at just under 90 meals per year, which was almost doubled that of sitdown restaurant in the same year. Interestingly, sitdown restaurants showed a rapid increase in the number of meals per year which reached a higher point than fast food restaurant from 1970 to 1980 but it slowed down after 1980.

( Written by  – Alfred Lee )

Sample Answer 4:   
The pie chart illustrates the percentage of food budget spent by an average family on restaurants meals and at home in 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000, while the graph compares the meals eaten in fast food shops and sit-down restaurants in those years.

It can be clearly seen that the proportion of food budget spent on restaurant meals had increased over the period. In 1970, just 10% of total food budget was spent on restaurant meals. This amount had risen by 5% in 1980. The percentage continued to increase to 35% in 1990 and in the year 2000, the proportion of food budget spent on restaurants and home cooking had been equal (50:50).

From the graph, it is evident that the number of meals eaten both in fast food and sit-down restaurants had increased during the period. In 1970, the number of eaten meals in those two kinds of restaurants were the same (20 meals/year). In 1980, the number of meals eaten in sit-down restaurants was higher than the meal eaten in fast food restaurants. However, in the following period, the number of fast food meals boomed to approximately 55 meals/year and 90 meals/year in 1990 and 2000 respectively while the number of food eaten in sit-down restaurants just increased moderately, from 35 meals/year in 1980 to 45 meals/year in 1990 and 50 meals/year in 2000. It is evident from the graph that fast food gained more popularity over the period and the number of meals eaten outside increased significantly.

( Written by  – Titi )

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