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Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 49 – Changes in world population by region between 1910 and 2010

The two pie charts below show changes in world population by region between 1910 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.

IELTS academic task 1- World Population in 1910

World population in 2010


Sample Answer 1:
The pie charts compare the population distribution in different regions of the world in 1910 and 2010 and also depicts the changes in global population in these territories. A glance at the diagrams reveals that more than half of the world citizens resided in Asia, both in 1910 and 2010, and the ratio of the global population division decreased in Asia and Europe in a century.

According to the given illustration, in 1910, the global inhabitants was 1.7 billion which overwhelmingly increased and reached to 6 billion in just 100 years. Six out of every ten persons, in 1910, lived in Asia, making it the region with exactly 60% global people. Then Europe and Russia comprised one-fourth of the global citizenry while 3% and 5% of the global community lived in Latin America and North America. Finally, the lowest percentage of the population allotment could be observed in Latin America and African region had one and a half percent more citizen share in this year.

After a century, 2010, to be exact, the population diffusion in different parts of the world changes. More than half of the world population were in Asia, though it is precisely six percent fewer than that of a century back. North America’s percentages of the population remained unchanged but made it the continent with the lowest percentage of the world population which was previously held by the Latin America. Interestingly, population distribution in Europe and Russia dropped to almost half while it more than doubled in Latin America and Africa. Finally, six percent people lived in the Middle East and North Africa in 2010 though no data was given for this region explicitly in the first pie chart.


Sample Answer 2: 
The pie charts depict the global population shift between 1910 and 2010. At the onset, it is clear that the global inhabitants increased remarkably in just 100 years and the major proportion of it lived in Asia.

As can be seen from the illustration, more than half of the world population lived in Asia in both years. From 1910 to 2010, the percentages of population in Europe, Russia and Asia dropped; European population from 25% to 14% and population in Asia from 60% to 54%. During this time, African’s percentage of global population soared from just 4.5% to 10% while in Latin America it jumped from 3% to 8%. The percentage of the population in North America, however, remained constant, staying at 5% both in 1910 and 2010. Then the Middle East and North Africa, representing a new region, accommodated 6% of world population in 2010. The global population percentages in the remaining areas of the world rose slightly from 2.5% to 3%.The global population in a century jumped from 1.7 billion to 6 billion.

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