The chart shows student expenditure over a three-year period in the United Kingdom.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» Write at least 150 words.
Student expenditure (aged under 26 in higher education) United Kingdom *
(1) includes non-essential consumer items and credit repayments *Source: Student Income and Expenditure Survey. Department for Education and Employment.
The given bar graph represents data on the expenses of students who were less than 26 years old and were in higher studies in the UK based on ‘Student Income and Expenditure Survey’ conducted by the Department for Education and Employment. The data presented in the graph were for the years 1996 and 1999 and the expenditures were classified into 7 main categories.
As is presented in the graph, entertainment was the highest expenditure category both in the given two years and the expenses for foods, accommodation, household goods, non-essential travels and course decreased in 1999. According to the bar graph, the highest percentage of expenditure by the students (under 26 years old who were engaged in higher studies in the UK) were in entertainment both in 1996 and in 1999. The percentage of expense for entertainment was 26 in 1996 and after three years that increased to 31%.
They spent 23% for their accommodation in 1996 which was the second largest expense category in 1996. Interestingly this expense decreased in 1999 and reached to 20%. A similar pattern can be observed for the foods, household goods, bills, course expenditure and non-essential travel in which category the expenditure actually decreased in 1999 than they were it 1996. About 1% of total expenses were for children in 1996 by the students who had children and no data was given for the year 1999 of this category. In 1996, the expenditure on courses was 10% and that decreased to 7% after three years. Non-essential consumer items and credit repayments were categories in ‘Other’ categories and that comprised 12% in 1996 whereas it increased to 16% in the year 1999.
In summary, the expenditure on foods, course fees, bills, accommodations and non-essential travels increased in 1999 compared to the expenditure of 1996 whereas the amount spent on entertainment, credit repayment, and essential travels increased in 1999 by the students in the UK who were in higher studies and were less than 26 years old.